Born in the parish of Westchurch, near Edinburgh, Midlothian.
Enlisted at Liverpool on the 9th of December 1854.
Height: 5' 6".
Appearance: Dark complexion. Hazel eyes. Brown hair.
Joined the regiment in the Crimea on the 7th of July 1855.
Transferred to the 2nd Battalion of the Military Train at Cahir on the 31st of October 1856. Regimental No. 945.
Arrived in India aboard the "Belvoir Castle" on the 29th of August 1857.
From Private to Corporal: 24th of May 1858:
"In arrest," 1st-2nd of January. Tried by a Regimental Court-martial and reduced to Private on the 3rd of January 1859.
Transferred to the 3rd Bengal European Light Cavalry on the 1st of February 1859. Regimental No. 29.
Discharged at Peshawar, India, on the 18th of October 1861 - "Under Governor-General's Order dated the 10th of April 1861."
Served 6 years 310 days.
In Turkey and the Crimea: 10 months. India, 4 years 51 days.
Aged 27 years 310 days on discharge.
Conduct: "good." Not in possession of any Good Conduct badges.
To live at Glenarchie Place, Edinburgh.
Entitled to the Crimean medal with clasp for Sebastopol and the Turkish medal.
Mutiny medal with clasp for Lucknow and the Relief of Lucknow.
Claimed replacement of the Indian Mutiny medal with two clasps "which was stolen from him..."
Served in the Military Train with the force under the command of H.E. the Commander-in-Chief at Lucknow and with that under Sir James Outram at Alum Bagh.
Not recorded by Lummis and Wynn.